Chronic Diseases & The Importance of Early Detection

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Author: The Editor

5 Dec, 2022

Chronic diseases, what are they?

Chronic diseases are defined by the CDC “as conditions that last 1 year or more and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both”. These consist of:
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Cancer
  • Chronic Lung Cancer
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure – most common in Cayman Islands
  • Thyroid or gastrointestinal problems
  • Stroke

Leading causes of death and disability

CDC reports that chronic diseases are the most common cause of death and disability in the US, resulting in over 4 trillion (USD) spent by Americans on healthcare each year. In particular the top two most deadly chronic diseases are:

Ischaemic Heart Disease:

When an individual experiences complication with their heart due to narrow heart arteries. Arteries narrowing results in less blood flow and oxygen pumping to the heart. The American Heart Association offers several warning signs of a heart attack to be aware of, which include:

  • Chest pains or discomfort (most common sign)
  • Pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body including: neck, jaw or stomach.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cold sweats
  • Nausea
  • Lightheadedness
  • Common signs in women: while the most common sign of a heart attack for both men and women are chest pains and discomfort. However, there are several other warning signs for women which include: shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting, and back or jaw pain.
Stroke:

This is the result of a limited amount of blood being supplied to the brain, which lessens the oxygen and other proper nutrients the brain tissue receives. Without these, the brain cells can die in minutes.

There are key signs to look out for if someone has a stroke. Mayo Clinic offers 5 main symptoms to look out for:

  • Trouble speaking and understanding others
  • Paralysis or numbness in face, arm or leg
  • Vision problems in one or more eyes
  • Headache
  • Dizziness or trouble walking

Research has shown that individuals with other chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, a condition which is infamous for the fact that there are not normally any outward symptoms to indicate you have it, may experience a heart attack or stroke as one of their first symptoms.

Importance of early detection management in Cayman

In general, it is vital that individuals are screened to be able to detect any chronic conditions as early as possible and look out for any of the warning signs mentioned above. With studies showcasing that high blood pressure is the most common chronic disease in the Cayman Islands, it is even more vital to get screened, due to the difficulty of being able to detect high blood pressure because of the lack of outward symptoms explained above.It is worth noting that there are certain things that can increase the risk to be mindful of which includes:

  • Family history
  • Smoking or inhaling secondhand smoke
  • Poor diet and nutrition
  • Lack of exercise
  • Excessive alcohol use

However, while the above is important to be mindful of, the surest way to see whether you have or are at risk of having high blood pressure, is through screening. At Integra Healthcare, it only takes 15 minutes to have your blood pressure professionally checked and other risk factors assessed.

Don’t delay, book your free assessment now.

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